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ERIC Number: ED498964
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Oct
Pages: 3
Abstractor: Author
Learning to Teach: Sharing the Wisdom of Practice. Carnegie Perspectives
Shulman, Lee S.
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
The author offers thoughts on emerging pictures and consequences if the teacher is considered the primary agent of his or her own accountability. Noting the current wave of calls for educational accountability, Shulman suggests that typical mechanisms for ensuring quality often miss much of what actually goes on in classrooms, and that looking though the lens of the classroom is where, after all, the proverbial rubber of teaching and learning meets the educational road. Excellent teaching, like excellent medical care, is not simply a matter of knowing the latest techniques and technologies, but entails an ethical and moral commitment, something Shulman terms the "pedagogical imperative." This is an obligation that devolves on individual faculty members, on programs, on institutions, and on disciplinary communities. A professional actively takes responsibility; he or she does not wait to be held accountable: to the writer, there is no more powerful form of accountability.
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 51 Vista Lane, Stanford, CA 94305. Tel: 650-566-5102; Fax: 650-326-0278; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Menlo Park, CA.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A