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ERIC Number: ED498782
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 16
Abstractor: ERIC
Outcomes of the School Choice and Supplemental Educational Services Provisions of NCLB. Education Policy Brief. Volume 5, Number 4, Fall 2007
Bathon, Justin M.; Spradlin, Terry E.
Center for Evaluation and Education Policy, Indiana University
Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) is the single largest federal investment in K-12 education, supplying over $12.7 billion annually in funding to the states (Government Accountability Office [GAO], 2004). In particular, Title I of the ESEA, which was first passed by the U.S. Congress in 1965, provides federal funds to schools with high percentages of low-income students. While not all schools are identified as Title I schools, all public schools are subject to certain accountability provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001, the latest iteration of the ESEA. As part of NCLB, schools are required to make adequate yearly progress (AYP) toward proficiency. If a Title I school fails to demonstrate AYP, sanctions or corrective actions are applied which are intended to improve the school and which become more intensive the longer the school remains in a "school improvement" status category. These sanctions have had varying effects and many operational concerns persist in relation to this evaluative process. This Policy Brief is intended to provide an overview of NCLB Title I sanctions, examine the utilization and funding of the school choice and supplemental educational service (SES) provisions of NCLB across the states, and identify many of the remaining issues surrounding school choice and SES. (Contains 7 figures and 2 tables.) [This policy brief was produced by the Center for Evaluation & Education Policy, formerly known as the Indiana Center for Evaluation.]
Center for Evaluation and Education Policy. 509 East Third Street, Bloomington, IN 47401-3654. Tel: 800-511-6575; Tel: 812-855-4438; Fax: 812-856-5890; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. Indiana Center for Evaluation.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A