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ERIC Number: ED498671
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Feb
Pages: 28
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 29
Education Reduces Crime: Three-State Recidivism Study--Executive Summary
Steurer, Stephen J.; Smith, Linda G.
Correctional Education Association
Correctional education for incarcerated offenders has become an important issue for policymakers and correctional administrators across the country. As states become more focused on performance-based funding, the allocation of scarce resources for programs for incarcerated offenders is dependent on the impact and outcomes of these programs. The Three-State Recidivism Study was designed to address some of the weaknesses of previous studies and to assess not only the impact of correctional education on recidivism, but also on employment outcomes. The study was conducted by the Correctional Education Association (CEA) and funded by the U. S. Department of Education, Office of Correctional Education (OCE). The purpose of the study, the executive summary of which is presented in this document, was to compare correctional education participants and non-participants in three states--Maryland, Minnesota, and Ohio--on a number of key socio-demographic and outcome variables. Specifically, the study was designed to assess the impact of correctional education on recidivism and post-release employment. Bivariate analyses for the study were conducted for all three states combined and for each state individually. The research reported shows strong support for educating incarcerated offenders. All of the analyses described lead to several compelling conclusions. First, the effect of correctional education on recidivism varied across states with all states showing a reduction in recidivism in the analyses. Second, the magnitude of correctional education's effect on recidivism was highly dependent on the type of analytic technique utilized. The bivariate and multivariate analyses showed promising results of the effect of correctional education on recidivism. However, the research had mixed results when using the non-traditional bivariate probit analysis. The employment data showed, post-release, the earnings of the correctional education participants were higher than the non-participants. Higher wages generally indicate that individuals are better able to support themselves and their families, and that they are engaged in jobs that hold promise of sustainability. (Contains 1 figure, 5 tables, and 15 footnotes.) [This report was published in partnerships with Management & Training Corporation Institute (MTCI).]
Correctional Education Association. 8182 Lark Brown Road Suite 202, Elkridge, MD 21075. Tel: 800-783-1232; Fax: 443-459-3088; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Correctional Education Association.
Identifiers - Location: Maryland; Minnesota; Ohio