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ERIC Number: ED498656
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-May
Pages: 203
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 85
Students Using Handheld Computers to Learn Collaboratively in a First Grade Classroom
Fritz, Megan Lynne
Online Submission
This ethnographic study investigated how first grade students used handheld computers to learn in collaboration with others throughout the learning process. This research focused specifically on how the use of handheld computers impacts students' learning outcomes and relates to technology standards. A qualitative methodology was used to capture detailed descriptions of 23 first grade students' experiences, attitudes, beliefs, and interactions while they used handheld computing devices to learn. Data collection included observations, interviews, and student artifacts. The researcher observed students while they used handheld computers to learn. She also conducted informal small group interviews to capture the students' and teacher's perspectives. The researcher collected and analyzed student artifacts which included items from the students' handheld computers, items beamed from one handheld computer to another, and documents they created on paper as a result of work completed on the handheld computer. Documents were assessed according to content standards and technology standards. The results are that students achieved learning outcomes while using handheld computers. The students learned content through collaboration with others. The students also met technology standards through individual discovery and collaborating with peers. The researcher stated five conclusions. Handheld computers facilitated collaborative learning which in turn helped the students learn content and meet technology standards. The students themselves said that the handheld computers helped them learn content and technology. The teacher's role is critically important as a facilitator in providing support for helping students learn to use the handheld computers. The discovery approach of teaching students how to use the handheld computers leads to independent learning. This study is significant for several reasons. This study supports and extends various studies. The students learned how to use the handheld computers in a holistic nature. Students used reflective thinking about their use of technology. This study contributes to the expanding group of researchers who are looking at technology and learning using a qualitative approach. The following appended: (1) Technology Foundation Standards for Students; (2) ISTE Performance Indicators for Technology-Literate Students Grades PreK-2; (3) Writing Rubric (K-12); (4) Reading Response Rubric (K-12); (5) Mathematics Rubric (K-12); (6) Seven Goals for the Design of Constructivist Learning Environments; (7) Comparison of Handheld Computers, Laptops, and Desktops; (8) Contact Letter From the Principal; (9) Contact Letter; (10) Permission for Conducting the Study; (11) Signs of Spring Lesson Plan; (12) Signs of Spring Writing Rubric; (13) Field Notes; (14) Interview Guide; (15) Handheld Contract and Permission Form; (16) Handheld Contract Between Student and School; (17) Rubric Used to Assess Content and Conventions in First Grade Writing; and (18) Mathematics Task Specific Rubric--Grade 1--Second Quarter Task. (Contains 7 tables and 21 figures.) [Ph.D. Thesis, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA.]
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania