ERIC Number: ED498570
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Successful Science and Engineering Teaching in Colleges and Universities
Kalman, Calvin S.
Jossey-Bass, An Imprint of Wiley
This book offers broad, practical strategies for teaching science and engineering courses and describes how faculty can provide a learning environment that helps students comprehend the nature of science, understand science concepts, and solve problems in science courses. The student-centered approach focuses on two main themes: reflective writing and working in collaborative groups. When faculty incorporate methods into their courses that challenge their students to critically reflect, collaborate, and problem solve, students gain a better understanding of science as a connected structure of concepts rather than as a simple tool kit of assorted practices. Topics include: (1) Reflective writing; (2) Writing to learn; (3) Constructing student knowledge; (4) Selected methods for using collaborative groups; (5) Changing students' epistemologies; (6) Training students to solve problems; and (7) Using technology to aid teaching. Following author information, acknowledgments and author note, the book contains ten chapters: (1) Introduction (Teacher-Centered Learning; Road Map of the Book); (2) Reflective Writing (Freewriting; The Bereiter and Scardamalia Model; Objectives of the Reflective Writing Activity; and How to Do Reflective Writing); (3) Writing-to-Learn (Reflective Write-Pair-Share; The Course Dossier Method; and Hosting an End-of-Semester Conference); (4) Constructing Student Knowledge (Students' Intellectual Development; Student Misconceptions; and Critical Thinking); (5) Collaborative Groups (Team Work and Group Projects; Group Development; Roles for Group Members; and Dealing with Dysfunctional Groups); (6) Selected Methods for Using Collaborative Groups (Conceptual Conflict; Overview of the Conceptual Change Experiment; Jigsaw; The Learning Cell; and Collaborative Concept Mapping); (7) Changing Students' Epistemologies (Constructing an Epistemology); (8) Problem Solving (Solving Problems Using Templates Versus Solutions Using Paradigms; Five-Step Method for Solving Problems; and Problem-Solving Strategies); (9) Methods for Training Students to Solve Problems (Writing Their Way Into the Solution; and Collaborative Problem-Solving Groups); and (10) Using the Computer to Aid Teaching (Computer-Assisted Instruction; and Using the Computer to Manage Laboratories). Each chapter also includes a summary. The book concludes with suggested readings, a bibliography, and an index.
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Scientific Principles, Misconceptions, Science Laboratories, Epistemology, Problem Solving, Intellectual Development, Concept Mapping, College Instruction, Engineering Education, Science Education, Higher Education, Scientific Concepts, Courses, Critical Thinking, Writing Instruction, Educational Technology, Group Dynamics, Cooperative Learning, Models, Computer Assisted Instruction
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Publication Type: Books; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A