ERIC Number: ED498140
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jan
Reference Count: 0
How Much Are Public School Teachers Paid? Civic Report No. 50
Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A.
Center for Civic Innovation
Education policy discussions often assume that public school teachers are poorly paid. Typically absent in these discussions about teacher pay, however, is any reference to systematic data on how much public school teachers are actually paid, especially relative to other occupations. Because discussions about teacher pay rarely reference these data, the policy debate on education reform has proceeded without a clear understanding of these issues. This report compiles information on the hourly pay of public school teachers nationally and in 66 metropolitan areas, as collected by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in its annual National Compensation Survey. The authors also compare the reported hourly income of public school teachers with that of workers in similar professions, as defined by the BLS. This report goes on to use the BLS data to analyze whether there is a relationship between higher relative pay for public school teachers and higher student achievement as measured by high school graduation rates. Among the key findings of this report: (1) According to the BLS, the average public school teacher in the United States earned $34.06 per hour in 2005; (2) The average public school teacher was paid 36% more per hour than the average non-sales white-collar worker and 11% more than the average professional specialty and technical worker; (3) Full-time public school teachers work on average 36.5 hours per week and private school teachers 38.3 hours per week during weeks that they are working as compared to white-collar workers (excluding sales) who work 39.4 hours, and professional specialty and technical workers who work 39.0 hours per week; (4) Compared with public school teachers, editors and reporters earn 24% less; architects, 11% less; psychologists, 9% less; chemists, 5% less; mechanical engineers, 6% less; and economists, 1% less; (5) Compared with public school teachers, airplane pilots earn 186% more; physicians, 80% more; lawyers, 49% more; nuclear engineers, 17% more; actuaries, 9% more; and physicists, 3% more; (6) Public school teachers are paid 61% more per hour than private school teachers, on average nationwide; (7) The Detroit metropolitan area has the highest average public school teacher pay among metropolitan areas for which data are available, at $47.28 per hour, followed by the San Francisco metropolitan area at $46.70 per hour, and the New York metropolitan area at $45.79 per hour; and (8) No evidence was found that average teacher pay relative to that of other white-collar or professional specialty workers is related to high school graduation rates in the metropolitan area. (Contains 12 endnotes and 10 tables.)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Graduation Rate, Teacher Employment Benefits, Compensation (Remuneration), Workers Compensation, Comparable Worth, Educational Status Comparison, Cohort Analysis, Working Hours, Teaching Load, Merit Pay, Merit Rating, Public School Teachers, National Surveys, Data Interpretation, Metropolitan Areas
Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. 52 Vanderbilt Avenue, New York, NY 10017. Tel: 212-599-7000; Fax: 212-599-3494; Web site: http://www.manhattan-institute.org
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: Manhattan Inst., New York, NY. Center for Civic Innovation.