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ERIC Number: ED497722
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul-2
Pages: 19
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 59
Failure Free Reading. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
What Works Clearinghouse
"Failure Free Reading" is a language development program designed to improve vocabulary, fluency, word recognition, and reading comprehension for Kindergarten through grade 12 students who score in the bottom 15% on standardized tests and who have not responded to conventional beginning reading instruction. The three key dimensions of the program are repeated exposure to text, predictable sentence structures, and story concepts that require minimal prior knowledge. The program combines systematic, scripted teacher instruction, talking software, workbook exercises, and independent reading activities. The program is delivered through small group or individual instruction. Fifty-nine studies reviewed by the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) investigated the effects of "Failure Free Reading." One study (Torgesen et al., 2006) was a randomized controlled trial that met WWC evidence standards. The remaining 58 studies did not meet evidence screens. Torgesen et al. (2006) examined the effects of "Failure Free Reading" on 93 third-grade students in eight school units in Pennsylvania. Students in the comparison group participated in the regular reading program at their schools. Based on this one study, the WWC found no discernible effects on alphabetics and fluency and potentially positive effects on comprehension. (Contains 11 footnotes.) [The following study is reviewed in this intervention report: Torgesen, J., Myers, D., Schirm, A., Stuart, E., Vartivarian, S., Mansfield, W., et al. (2006). National assessment of Title I interim report. Volume II: Closing the reading gap: First year findings from a randomized trial of four reading interventions for striving readers. Retrieved from Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education Web site:]
What Works Clearinghouse. 2277 Research Boulevard, MS 5M, Rockville, MD 20850. Tel: 866-992-9799; Fax: 301-519-6760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: What Works Clearinghouse (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania
IES Funded: Yes