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ERIC Number: ED497610
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr-30
Pages: 27
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 9
Sound Foundations. Revised. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
What Works Clearinghouse
"Sound Foundations," a literacy curriculum designed to teach phonological awareness to preliterate children, focuses exclusively on phoneme identity (that is, different words can start and end with the same sound). It works from the principle that phonemic awareness is necessary but not sufficient to reading, which depends on the alphabetic principle (that is, the association of sounds with letters and using those sounds to form words). The curriculum is self-contained and can be used by teachers, parents, or teaching assistants. One study of "Sound Foundations" met the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) evidence standards. This study included 26 preschool children and examined intervention effects on children's phonological processing and early reading/writing. This report focuses on immediate posttest findings to determine the effectiveness of the intervention; however, follow-up findings provided by the study authors are included in the technical appendices. The WWC considers the extent of evidence for "Sound Foundations" to be small for phonological processing and early reading/writing. No studies that met WWC evidence standards with or without reservations addressed oral language, print knowledge, cognition, or math. "Sound Foundations" was found to have potentially positive effects on phonological processing and early reading/writing. (Contains 14 footnotes.) [This publication was produced by the What Works Clearinghouse. The following study is reviewed in this intervention report: Byrne, B., and Fielding-Barnsley, R. (1991). Evaluation of a program to teach phonemic awareness to young children. "Journal of Educational Psychology," 83(4), 451-455. For a previous edition (2006) of this Intervention Report, see ED494400.]
What Works Clearinghouse. 2277 Research Boulevard, MS 5M, Rockville, MD 20850. Tel: 866-992-9799; Fax: 301-519-6760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
IES Funded: Yes