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ERIC Number: ED497427
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Pages: 57
Abstractor: Author
Improving Student Responsibility through the Use of Individual Behavior Contracts
Dodge, Darlene; Nizzi, Denise; Pitt, Wendy; Rudolph, Kristina
Online Submission
Analysis of prior research, articles and studies revealed that concerns exist regarding student behavior in the classroom, at both the national and local levels. The learning environment is severely impacted by off-task behavior, as well as, lack of responsibility for daily routines and homework. Multiple reasons have been suggested as to why this is such a problem in the educational field. Probable causes for the problem include, but are not limited to, home life, environment, socioeconomic status, and other risk factors. A review of solution strategies suggested that positive reinforcement is an important or central element to developing student responsibility. The approach used in this study to improve student responsibility and behavior consisted of a positive reward system, and individual conferences. This study describes a seventeen week program developed with the intent of improving student responsibility and behavior through a positive reward system. The participants included 89 third grade students, in four regular education classrooms, their parents, and prior second grade teachers. Surveys and checklists were used to collect data. Post intervention data indicated a significant improvement in student responsibility and behavior. In addition, the researchers found a notable increase in available learning time, and the educational environment was enhanced. The following are appended: (1) Second Grade Teacher Survey; (2) Parent Survey; (3) Student Pre- and Post-Survey; (4) Behavior Contract; (5) Weekly Checklist; and (6) Goodie Store Price List. (Contains 5 tables and 20 figures.) [Master of Arts Action Research Project, Saint Xavier University.]
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2; Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A