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ERIC Number: ED497346
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul
Pages: 26
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 20
Supplemental Educational Services and Implementation Challenges in the Northwest Region States. Issues & Answers. REL 2007-No. 006
Saifer, Steffen; Speth, Timothy
Regional Educational Laboratory Northwest
This report describes the initial efforts and current status of implementing supplemental educational services (SES) in the Northwest Region states, identifies information gaps and areas of further inquiry, and delineates concerns and challenges for the state education agencies. It is an exploratory effort to identify issues for deeper examination in follow-up work that will include direct inquiry in districts, schools, and providers. The objective is to present findings that can help states optimize implementation of supplemental educational services and ultimately improve academic achievement for students who qualify for supplemental educational services under the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Children from low-income families attending Title I schools that fail to meet adequate yearly progress targets for three consecutive years are entitled to free tutoring known as supplemental educational services. Data were sought for the 2003-2004, 2004-2005, and 2005-2006 school years from state education agencies, local education agencies, and school databases in the five Northwest Region states to address two key questions related to supplemental educational services and usage: (1) What are the supplemental educational services usage rates in the Northwest Region states, and how do these rates compare with usage rates nationally and regionally? and (2) What are some of the challenges for state education agencies in providing supplemental educational services with respect to participation, access to providers, monitoring and evaluation, and communication? Of the Northwest Region states Oregon had the highest SES usage rate and Montana the lowest in 2004-2005, the year for which the most complete and accurate data were available. All states except Oregon were below the regional and national averages. The regional usage rate is about one-third the national rate. While the SES participation rate increased nationally from 12 percent in 2003-2004 to 19 percent in 2004-2005, it increased from 4.3 percent to 6.5 percent in the Northwest Region, leaving the region further behind the national average. Each state education agency faces different challenges with supplemental educational services. These challenges are based on differences in the number of schools required to offer supplemental services, the numbers of schools in remote or rural areas, the person-hours and resources that state education agencies must devote to the effort, the skills of staff in charge of the effort, the availability of SES providers, the quality of providers and other factors. Several state SES coordinators indicated that the cost-benefit ratios of the services are currently unfavorable. While improvements have been made in providing services, significant common challenges remain for optimizing supplemental educational services for the students in the Northwest Region, including: (1) Increasing participation rates; (2) Adequately evaluating and monitoring SES providers; (3) Working more effectively with SES providers; and (4) Improving communication. An additional finding of the investigation is that the state education agency data systems are in need of improvement. Many state SES coordinators had difficulty getting accurate numbers. At times, district-level information differed from state-level information, and data tables on state education agency web sites had conflicting information. This made collecting reliable data on usage rates and providers difficult. (Contains 2 figures and 4 tables.) [This report was prepared for the National Center on Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education by Regional Educational Laboratory Northwest administered by Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory.]
Regional Educational Laboratory Northwest. 101 SW Main Street Suite 500, Portland, OR 97204-3213. Tel: 503-275-9519; Fax: 503-275-0458; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute of Education Sciences (ED), Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Montana; Oregon
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001
IES Funded: Yes
IES Cited: ED551320