ERIC Number: ED496083
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007
The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking, 2007
Powell, Patricia A., Ed.; Faden, Vivian B., Ed.; Wing, Stephen, Ed.
US Department of Health and Human Services
This "Call to Action" serves as a reminder that underage drinking has serious social costs and tragic consequences, demonstrating the importance of prevention. Underage alcohol use is not inevitable, and schools, parents, and other adults are not powerless to stop it. The latest research demonstrates a compelling need to address alcohol use early, continuously, and in the context of human development using a systematic approach that spans childhood through adolescence into adulthood. Such an approach is described in this "Call to Action." This report describes alcohol as the most widely used substance of abuse by American youth. It describes the dangers of alcohol to adolescent development, the factors that lead to alcohol abuse by youth, and possibilities for prevention and intervention. The "Call to Action" identifies six goals that the Surgeon General has proposed for the Nation. Those goals are: (1) Foster changes in American society that facilitate healthy adolescent development and that help prevent and reduce underage drinking; (2) Engage parents and other caregivers, schools, communities, all levels of government, all social systems that interface with youth, and youth themselves in a coordinated national effort to prevent and reduce underage drinking and its consequences; (3) Promote an understanding of underage alcohol consumption in the context of human development and maturation that takes into account individual adolescent characteristics as well as environmental, ethnic, cultural, and gender differences; (4) Conduct additional research on adolescent alcohol use and its relationship to development; (5) Work to improve public health surveillance on underage drinking and on population-based risk factors for this behavior; and (6) Work to ensure that policies at all levels are consistent with the national goal of preventing and reducing underage alcohol consumption. Recommendations are made throughout this report on the roles schools and universities must play in education, prevention, and intervention. The following are appended: (1) Definition of a Standard Drink; and (2) DSM--IV--TR Diagnostic Criteria for Alcohol Abuse and Dependence. (Contains 20 footnotes.)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Social Systems, Prevention, Intervention, Public Health, Gender Differences, Alcohol Abuse, Adolescent Development, Drinking, Child Development, Social Change, Parent Participation, School Responsibility, Community Involvement, Government Role, At Risk Persons, Individual Characteristics, Research Needs, Health Promotion, Public Policy, College Role, Racial Differences, Cultural Differences
US Department of Health and Human Services. 200 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20201. Tel: 877-696-6775; Tel: 202-619-0257; Web site: http://www.hhs.gov/
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of the Surgeon General (DHHS/PHS), Washington, DC.