ERIC Number: ED495850
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Dec
The Nature and Impact of Teachers' Formative Assessment Practices. CSE Technical Report 703
Herman, Joan L.; Osmundson, Ellen; Ayala, Carlos; Schneider, Stephen; Timms, Mike
National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST), Paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Canada, Apr 2005)
Theory and research suggest the critical role that formative assessment can play in student learning. The use of assessment in guiding instruction has long been advocated: Through the assessment of students' needs and the monitoring of student progress, learning sequences can be appropriately designed, instruction adjusted during the course of learning, and programs refined to be more effective in promoting student learning goals. Moving toward more modern pedagogical conceptions, assessment moves from an information source on which to base action to part and parcel of the teaching and learning process. The following study provides food for thought about the research methods needed to study teachers' assessment practices and the complexity of assessing their effects on student learning. On the one hand, the study suggests that effective formative assessment is a highly interactive endeavor, involving the orchestration of multiple dimensions of practice, and demands sophisticated qualitative methods for study. On the other, detecting and understanding learning effects in small samples, even with the availability of comparison groups, poses difficulties to say the least. (Contains 8 tables, 2 figures, and 3 footnotes.)
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Program Effectiveness, Research Methodology, Information Sources, Formative Evaluation, Student Evaluation, Pretests Posttests, Interviews, Validity, Student Needs
National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST). 300 Charles E Young Drive N, GSE&IS Building 3rd Floor, Mailbox 951522, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1522. Tel: 310-206-1532; Fax: 310-825-3883; Web site: http://www.cresst.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Middle Schools
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED), Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; WestEd, San Francisco, CA.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, Los Angeles, CA.