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ERIC Number: ED495646
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 124
Abstractor: ERIC
ISBN: ISBN-3-0002-0134-3ISBN-978-3-00-020134-9
Participation in Formal Technical and Vocational Education and Training Programmes Worldwide: An Initial Statistical Study
UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training
There is a common perception that technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is diversifying and expanding in terms of its supply and demand. Practitioners and policymakers often believe that educational systems are offering a wider array of programmes at different levels and in various fields of study. They also assume that these programmes are attracting larger and more diverse populations. Yet, there has been a shortage of comparable quantitative data and indicators on global TVET participation. There are several reasons for this void: lack of data for a vast number of countries; comparability issues; methodological difficulties in defining relevant indicators; and even the misrepresentation of TVET as being less relevant than other forms of education. Fortunately, comparable data are becoming increasingly available as these programmes become more visible and justly valued. This, in turn, fuels the debate over which indicators should be used to measure the perceived progress. This report aims to stimulate an important process to fill the information gap. It provides basic information on the supply of these programmes and their demand as indicated by student participation. Nevertheless, it is important to note that measures of participation do not reflect the un-met demand in many countries. Indeed this is one of the study's main limitations. In addition, the reported data, which are provided to the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) by education ministries or their equivalents, refer solely to formal education programmes. As a result, this study provides only a cross-sectional view: additional monitoring will be required to track trends over time. It is expected that this initial attempt at quantifying global participation in TVET will provide a starting point for fruitful discussion among policymakers and practitioners. Sections in this report include: (1) Introduction; (2) The Challenges of TVET Global Monitoring; (3) Types and Levels of TVET Provision; (4) Statistical Overview of TVET across ISCED (International Standard Classification of Education) Levels; and (5) Statistical Tables. Appended are: (1) Glossary; (2) Definitions of indicators; (3) Description of ISCED97 levels, classification criteria, and sub-categories; and (4) Regions. (Contains 16 figures, 3 boxes, 10 tables, and 102 footnotes.) [This report was developed by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) and prepared by UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training.]
UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training. UN Campus, Hermann-Ehlers-Str. 10, 53113 Bonn, Germany. Tel: +49 228 8150-100; Fax: +49 228 8150-199; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Montreal (Quebec). Inst. for Statistics.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A