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ERIC Number: ED495607
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jan-6
Pages: 184
Abstractor: ERIC
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-4129-1723-0
Reaching and Teaching Stressed and Anxious Learners in Grades 4-8: Strategies for Relieving Distress and Trauma in Schools and Classrooms
Oehlberg, Barbara E.
Corwin Press
Not all children cope equally well with the stresses and traumas life throws their way, and every educator recognizes that "deer in the headlights" look some children get when current events and past traumas combine to trigger a fight-or-flight stress response. No matter how safe the classroom may be in reality, trauma deactivates cognitive skills, and learning cannot resume until the child's equilibrium has been restored. This important new resource helps educators understand how trauma and stress interfere with cognitive skills, and how classroom and school activities can be used to restore feelings of safety, empowerment, and well-being. Topics include: (1) Neurobiology of the developing child and how cognitive lock-out from the neocortex occurs during stress responses; (2) Strategies for reactivating cognitive skills, memory, and the ability to learn following stress responses; (3) How acting-out behaviors are linked to stress and trauma; and (4) How to generate a united effort on school safety and violence prevention issues. Teachers, counselors, principals, and administrators will find that these innovative strategies enhance feelings of safety and optimism in all learning environments and programs, transforming hopelessness and anxiety into resiliency and hope. Following a foreword by Susan G. Clark; a preface; and an introduction entitled, "Children Haven't Changed; Childhood Has," this book is divided into two parts and nine chapters. Part I, Brain Changes and How They Affect Student Behaviors and Learning, presents: (1) The Impact of Losses and Stress on the Student's Mind and Body; and (2) Regaining Cognitive Access: The Process of Transforming Stress and the Sense of Helplessness. Part II, Activities for Transforming the Helplessness Generated by Stress and Fear, continues with: (3) Language Arts: Creative Writing and Journaling; (4) Social Studies and History: Creative Topics; (5) Character Education; (6) Building Resiliency through Afterschool, Summer Camp, and Recreational Programming Afterschool Programs; (7) Sustaining Enhanced Learning Environments; (8) School Safety Issues: Violence Prevention; and (9) Meaningful Change in the U.S. Education System. This book also contains: (1) Glossary: The Vocabulary of Anxiety, Stress, and Trauma; (2) resources (crossword puzzles and answers to crossword puzzles); (3) a list of references; and (4) an index.
Corwin Press, A SAGE Publications Company. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Books; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Middle Schools
Audience: Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A