ERIC Number: ED495438
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb
Reference Count: 149
Promoting Academic Momentum at Community Colleges: Challenges and Opportunities. CCRC Working Paper No. 5
Community College Research Center, Columbia University
The expansion of the American community college has not been matched by the rapid, or even consistent, progress of all entering students toward postsecondary credentials. Instead, a significant proportion of students enrolled in community colleges appear "stuck" on the road to completion. This lack of progress is due to the complex ways in which social and educational inequalities affect specific students and the institutions of higher education designated to serve them. As a result, policymakers and practitioners face significant challenges in their efforts to promote academic momentum. In the first part of this literature review, the sources of these challenges are located in student characteristics as well as in state and institutional practices and policies. It is argued that there exists an interaction of sorts between the actions of community colleges and the attributes of their students. Acknowledging the myriad complexities in efforts to improve the progress of all two-year students toward goal or degree completion, the second part of this paper examines empirical research to identify opportunities for improvement.
Descriptors: Student Characteristics, Equal Education, Community Colleges, Developmental Continuity, Remedial Instruction, Academic Persistence, College Outcomes Assessment, Educational Opportunities, Educational Assessment, Educational Improvement, Educational Practices, Educational Indicators, Performance Factors, Policy Analysis, Literature Reviews, Time to Degree
Community College Research Center. Available from: CCRC Publications. Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street Box 174, New York, NY 10027. Tel: 212-678-3091; Fax: 212-678-3699; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.tc.columbia.edu/ccrc
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: Lumina Foundation for Education, Indianapolis, IN.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Community Coll. Research Center.