NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED495222
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jun
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
Advising Community College Students: Exploring Traditional and Emerging Theory. In Brief
Makela, Julia Panke
Office of Community College Research and Leadership
Community college advising and counseling practitioners provide a productive setting for establishing a positive tone for self and academic discovery, while assisting students in finding their place within higher education. This brief compares current advising strategies for under-prepared students or students with low college readiness. One of the earliest, most referenced, and often controversial advising strategies for underprepared students employed by community college student services advisors and counselors is what Burton Clark in 1960 termed "cooling-out." This five-step process involves pre-entrance testing, counseling interviews at the beginning of the semester, mandatory orientation to college courses, improvement notices for students doing unsatisfactory work, and finally probation for those who cannot maintain minimum grades. Clark concluded that this is a process in which a student "does not fail, but rectifies a mistake." The author of this brief locates several parallels between "cooling out" to such modern career advising strategies as Cognitive Information Processing (CIP). CIP fundamentally breaks academic and career decisions down into three categories: gaining knowledge, making decisions, and understanding career thoughts. The author notes that in recent years, many community colleges have tried to both maintain standards of higher education and decrease the stigma associated with remedial education The word "remedial" has often been replaced with "developmental," reflecting the community college's view of these courses--a temporary stage of learning. Studies indicate that reframing remedial classes may cause considerable confusion in students grasping the full implications of their course decisions, and this may suggest that advising strategies with a basis in soft language that hides the true nature of remediation may cause more harm than good to students. Such pitfalls may enable advisors and counselors to reshape their strategies for maximum effectiveness. Particularly important will be clarifying techniques and goals, increasing the transparency of the advising process, and closely tying advising efforts to learning opportunities that continuously serve students throughout their community college experience. (Contains 1 table.)
Office of Community College Research and Leadership. 51 Gerty Drive Room 129, Champaign, IL 61820. Tel: 217-244-9390; Fax: 217-244-0851; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Two Year Colleges
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Champaign. Office of Community College Research and Leadership.