ERIC Number: ED495073
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb-1
Good Phonic Generalizations for Decoding
An exhaustive analysis of 88,641 individual letters and letter combinations within 16,928 words drawn from the Zeno, et al. word list unveiled remarkable phonic transparency. The individual letter and letter combinations sorted into just six general categories: three basic categories of vowels (single vowels, vowel digraphs, and final vowel-consonant-e), and three general categories of consonants (single consonants, consonant di/trigraphs, and consonant phonograms). These basic categories showed an assortment of 104 distinct phonic cells. Of the 104 cells, 93 showed a transparency ranging from 78% to 100% fitness with an average of 92% fitness per vowel cell and 99% fitness per consonant cell. With the exception of the single vowel o, the unfit cells occurred in less than one percent of the letters and letter combinations. In short, the research showed an amazing amount of phonic transparency. By providing clarity to the letter-sound relationships, these phonic generalizations serve as a useful and comprehensive phonic guide for teachers.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A