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ERIC Number: ED494836
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
ERCMExpress, Volume 2, Issue 5
US Department of Education
This issue of ERCMExpress presents food safety and food defense for schools. Many schools and school districts across the country have established emergency management plans; however, these plans are often not comprehensive, practiced regularly or written in collaboration with the local community. It is recommended that schools adopt a multi-hazard approach to addressing their vulnerabilities. Food service operations in particular--including school cafeterias, central kitchens, warehouses or food delivery services--pose risks to schools. Emergency management plans should not overlook the possibility of food service operational disruptions such as equipment failures, loss of power or contamination. When addressing food-related concerns, schools and school districts should do so in the context of the four phases of emergency management: (1) prevention-mitigation; (2) preparedness; (3) response; and (4) recovery. Because emergency management plans are strengthened through collaboration with community partners, it is important that food safety and food defense, as with all other hazards addressed in a school or school district's emergency management plan, be addressed with the schools and school district's partners, including representatives from the public health sector, as a part of their prevention-mitigation work. Once a comprehensive plan is in place, its standards should be put into practice. The U.S. Department of Education's Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools (OSDFS) as well as the USDA's Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) suggest that each school within a district also have an individual school plan that includes specific roles and responsibilities for staff within that school. The USDA offers a guide, the "Emergency Readiness Plan: A Guide for the School Foodservice Operation," to assist schools in developing the food service component of an emergency management plan. [This publication was funded by the Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools at the U.S. Department of Education under contract with Caliber Associates, Inc.]
US Department of Education. Available from: ED Pubs. P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398. Tel: 877-433-7827; Fax: 301-470-1244; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Education, Washington, DC.; Caliber Associates, Fairfax, VA.