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ERIC Number: ED494770
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 4
Abstractor: ERIC
ERCMExpress. Volume 2, Issue 3
US Department of Education
This issue of the Emergency Response and Crisis Management (ERCM) Technical Assistance Center's "ERCMExpress" promotes emergency exercises as an effective way to validate school safety plans. Simulations of emergency situations, or emergency exercises, are integral to a sound school safety plan. They offer opportunities for district and schools to examine and strengthen their capacities for responding to various emergencies. By participating in different types of exercises, schools can then identify the appropriate methods for preventing, preparing for, responding to, and recovering from crises. These exercises also may expose the limitations of existing plans, such as procedural gaps or training needs. By encouraging all response partners (e.g., officials in the public health, mental health, fire and law enforcement communities) to participate, schools and districts can assess the roles, responsibilities, relationships, communication strategies and resources that would be critical should an actual crisis occur. Schools districts should conduct five types of emergency exercises for response training and practice. The five types are: (1) Orientations to familiarize participants with roles, responsibilities, plans, procedures and equipment; (2) Drills to practice aspects of the response plan and prepare teams and participants for more extensive exercises in the future; (3) Tabletop exercises to provide participants with an emergency scenario to analyze and increase their awareness of the roles and responsibilities of individuals who need to respond, stabilize, terminate and help others recover from emergencies; (4) Functional exercises conducted in a school district's emergency operations center where participants are given directions by controllers and simulators via telephones, radios and televisions, and they must respond appropriately to the incidents that arise; and (5) Full-scale exercises to test and evaluate most functions of the emergency response-operational plan, including the mobilization of emergency personnel, equipment and resources. [[This publication was funded by the Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools at the U.S. Department of Education under contract with Caliber Associates, Inc.]
US Department of Education. Available from: ED Pubs. P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398. Tel: 877-433-7827; Fax: 301-470-1244; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Education, Washington, DC.; Caliber Associates, Fairfax, VA.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A