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ERIC Number: ED493710
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jul
Pages: 36
Abstractor: ERIC
Developing Citizenship Competencies from Kindergarten through Grade 12: A Background Paper for Policymakers and Educators
Torney-Purta, Judith; Lopez, Susan Vermeer
Education Commission of the States (NJ3)
Representatives at the school, district and state levels, as well as scholars and researchers, have been working with the Education Commission of the States' National Center for Learning and Citizenship (ECS/NCLC) to define citizenship education expressed in terms of three strands forming a "braid" of civic competencies. This updated version of the original paper released in 2004 responds to an interest among policymakers and advocates for further background information and policy frameworks to encourage, support, and reward or recognize quality citizenship education in American schools. The first version of this paper was disseminated to all attendees of the Second Annual Congressional Conference on Civic Education (December 2004) and to attendees at a Congressional Staff Briefing on the Decade of Behavior in Democracy (May 2005), and presented as a resource to participants in state forums to promote the civic mission of education. Beginning with the rationale and recommendations presented in the Civic Mission of Schools report, this paper: (1) explores the existing research and professional work in the area of civics and social studies standards; (2) explains how ECS/NCLC developed the three strands of civic competencies; (3) outlines detailed examples of how these competencies might be used across grade spans; (4) provides recommendations for state policymakers; and (5) describes a Web site that includes assessment materials to measure student civic outcomes and school and classroom climate as it contributes to civic education. The paper is designed to help state policymakers incorporate civic skills, knowledge and dispositions, along with a developmental approach beginning in the early years of schooling, into state policies that support citizenship education. (Contains 4 tables, 10 boxes, and 3 endnotes.) [This paper was developed by the Education Commission of the States' National Center for Learning and Citizenship (ECS/NCLC). For the original version of this paper released in 2004, see ED484891.]
Education Commission of the States. ECS Distribution Center, 700 Broadway Suite 1200, Denver, CO 80203-3460. Tel: 303-299-3692; Fax: 303-296-8332; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Guides - General; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers; Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A