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ERIC Number: ED493431
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Sep-14
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
Arthur. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
What Works Clearinghouse
"Arthur," a book-based educational television program designed for children ages 4-8, is popular among preschool and kindergarten students. The program is based on the storybooks, by Marc Brown, about Arthur, an 8-year-old aardvark. Each show is 30 minutes in length and includes two stories involving characters dealing with moral issues. The show has been used as a listening comprehension and language development intervention for English language learning students. One study of "Arthur" met the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) evidence standards. This study, which included 108 kindergarten Spanish-speaking English language learners from six schools in a large urban school district on the East Coast, assessed students based on narrative skill in English--the ability to talk about events in a coherent fashion. The kindergarteners were randomly assigned to either the intervention group or a comparison group. Intervention group students were assigned to watch three episodes of "Arthur" a week from October to May (a total of 54 episodes), while comparison group students were assigned to watch an alternative educational program, "Between the Lions." "Between the Lions" is a 30-minute, book-based program aired by PBS that focuses on phonics and reading skills but does not have the listening comprehension or language development emphasis of "Arthur." The WWC rated "Arthur" as having potentially positive effects on English language development. Appended are: (1) Study characteristics: Uchikoshi, 2005 (randomized controlled trial); (2) Outcome measures in the English language development domain; (3) Summary of study findings included in the rating for the English language development domain; and (4) Rating for the English language development domain. (Contains 5 footnotes.) [This publication was produced by the What Works Clearinghouse. The following study is reviewed in this intervention report: Uchikoshi, Y. (2005). Narrative development in bilingual kindergarteners: Can "Arthur" help? "Developmental Psychology," 41(3), 464-478).]
What Works Clearinghouse. 550 12th Street SW, Washington, DC 20024; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A