ERIC Number: ED491635
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Apr
Industrial Funding of Academic R&D Continues to Decline in FY 2004. Info Brief. NSF 06-315
National Science Foundation
Industrial funding for research and development in academic science and engineering (S&E) dropped by 2.6 percent in FY 2004, the third consecutive year of declining support from this sector, according to data from the National Science Foundation (NSF) Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges (table 1). The industrial sector is the first source of academic R&D funding to show a multiyear decline since the survey began, in FY 1953. Industry's FY 2004 percentage decline was more substantial than its percentage reductions in previous years (1.1 percent in 2003, 1.5 percent in 2002). Industrial support was $2.1 billion in FY 2004, down from a high of $2.2 billion in FY 2001. Industry's share of academic R&D support in FY 2004 equaled its share in FY 1983, at 4.9 percent. Overall, universities and colleges reported R&D expenditures of $42.9 billion in FY 2004, 7.2 percent more than the previous year ($40.1 billion). This increase represents a slowdown in the growth of academic R&D expenditures after 2 years of double-digit growth (10.9 percent in FY 2002, 10.2 percent in FY 2003). When adjusted for inflation, academic R&D rose 4.7 percent in FY 2004. (Contains 4 tables.)
Descriptors: Research and Development, Universities, Colleges, Statistical Surveys, Budgets, Financial Support, Public Sector, Expenditures
National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22230. Tel: 703-292-7000; Web site: http://www.nsf.gov/nsb; e-mail: NSBoffice@nsf.gov.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.