ERIC Number: ED491127
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Feb
Sports, Youth and Character: A Critical Survey. CIRCLE Working Paper 44
Fullinwider, Robert K.
Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE), University of Maryland
Roughly forty million boys and girls between the ages of 5 and 18 take part in organized athletic activities, most of which are not school-based. Boys and girls play in sports as varied as swimming, baseball, soccer, wrestling, and field hockey. The great majority participate in "recreational" leagues in which teams enroll all-comers, compete against local counterparts, and honor the norm "everyone gets to play." The lessons a child takes from his sports involvement-lessons about sportsmanship, fair play, and competition-are shaped in large measure by parental attitudes and behavior. A good deal of attention by sports organizers and scholars focuses on the effect of coaches on young players' attitudes, and justifiably so, but evidence suggests that a player's family has the greatest influence on his views, and within the family, parents are more influential than siblings. Appended are: (1) Shields and Bredemeier; (2) Stoll, Lumpkin, Beller, and Hahm; (3) Kohlberg; and (4) Neo-Kohlbergianism. (Contains 214 endnotes.) [This Working Paper was produced by CIRCLE (The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement). For CIRCLE Working Paper 45, see ED491132.]
The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE). University of Maryland, School of Public Policy, 2101 Van Munching Hall, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-2790; Web site: http://www.civicyouth.org.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A