ERIC Number: ED490841
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jun
Evaluating the Role of Brown vs. Board of Education in School Equalization, Desegregation, and the Income of African Americans. NBER Working Paper No. 11394
Ashenfelter, Orley; Collins, William J.; Yoon, Albert
National Bureau of Economic Research
In this paper we study the long-term labor market implications of school resource equalization before Brown and school desegregation after Brown. For cohorts born in the South in the 1920s and 1930s, we find that racial disparities in measurable school characteristics had a substantial influence on black males' earnings and educational attainment measured in 1970, albeit one that was smaller in the later cohorts. When we examine the income of male workers in 1990, we find that southern-born blacks who finished their schooling just before effective desegregation occurred in the South fared poorly compared to southern-born blacks who followed behind them in school by just a few years.
Descriptors: Income, Males, Labor Market, Educational Attainment, Racial Differences, School Desegregation, Desegregation Litigation, Desegregation Effects, African American Students, Resource Allocation, Institutional Characteristics, Outcomes of Education, Equal Education
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.