ERIC Number: ED490834
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jan
Neighborhoods and Academic Achievement: Results from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment. NBER Working Paper No. 11909
Sanbonmatsu, Lisa; Kling, Jeffrey R.; Duncan, Greg J.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
National Bureau of Economic Research
Families originally living in public housing were assigned housing vouchers by lottery, encouraging moves to neighborhoods with lower poverty rates. Although we had hypothesized that reading and math test scores would be higher among children in families offered vouchers (with larger effects among younger children), the results show no significant effects on test scores for any age group among over 5000 children ages 6 to 20 in 2002 who were assessed four to seven years after randomization. Program impacts on school environments were considerably smaller than impacts on neighborhoods, suggesting that achievement-related benefits from improved neighborhood environments are alone small.
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Scores, Housing, Public Housing, Poverty, Neighborhoods, Educational Vouchers, Academic Achievement, Student Mobility, Achievement Gains
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.