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ERIC Number: ED490058
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec-1
Pages: 18
Abstractor: Author
Self-Concept of Gifted Students: The Reddening and Blackening Effects
Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Chow, Alan Ping Yan; Chow, Phoebe Ching Wa; Liu, Winnie Puiling
Online Submission, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Australian Association for Research in Education (Sydney, Australia, 2005)
Based on an ancient Chinese saying that "near vermillion, you turn red; near sepia, you turn black", when gifted students are grouped together, a vermillion (reddening) effect may result from assimilation. In contrast, when gifted students are grouped with non-gifted students, a sepia (blackening) effect may operate. However, recent theories have also shown a big-fish-little-pond (BFLP) effect resulting from comparison. Four groups of primary students (N = 757) were placed into 3 classes. Class 1 had gifted students from Group 1. Class 2 had Group 2 (gifted) and Group 3 (average) students placed together. Average students of Group 4 were placed in class 3. When a gifted program for classes 1 and 2 started, Groups 1 and 2 (the big fish) had higher self-concept than Group 4 (the small fish) but Group 2 did not score higher than Group 3. One year later, whereas Groups 1 and 2 remained higher than Group 4, Group 2 scored higher than Group 3. Initially, there was a strong blackening effect for the big fish in Group 2, but a strong BFLP effect operated later. The results cast doubt on the provision of gifted programs where gifted students are pulled out from the regular classroom. (Contains 4 tables and 3 figures.)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A