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ERIC Number: ED489466
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Apr
Pages: 72
Abstractor: ERIC
Monitoring the Future National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2004
Johnston, Lloyd D.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Bachman, Jerald G.; Schulenberg, John E.
National Institutes of Health
Substance use by American young people has proven to be a rapidly-changing phenomenon, requiring frequent assessments and reassessments. Since the mid-1960s it has remained a major concern for the nation. Smoking, drinking, and illicit drug use are leading causes of morbidity and mortality, both during adolescence as well as later in life. How vigorously the nation responds to teenage substance use, how accurately it identifies the substance abuse problems that are emerging, and how well it comes to understand the effectiveness of the many policy and intervention efforts largely depend on the ongoing collection of valid and reliable data. Monitoring the Future is designed to help provide an accurate picture of what is happening in this domain and why; and it has served that function for 30 years now. First results from the Monitoring the Future study's 2004 nationwide survey of nearly 50,000 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students are given in this report. Recent trends in the use of licit and illicit drugs are emphasized. Trends in the levels of perceived risk and personal disapproval associated with each drug are also presented; this study has shown these beliefs and attitudes to be particularly important in explaining trends in use. In addition, trends in the perceived availability of each drug are presented. Following a brief introduction, the report presents a synopsis of the methods used in the study and an overview of the key results from the 2004 survey. Next is a section for each individual drug class, providing figures that show trends in the overall proportions of students at each grade level (a) using it, (b) seeing a "great risk" associated with its use, (c) disapproving its use, and (d) saying that they could get the drug "fairly easily" or "very easily." Trends for the interval 1991-2004 appear for all grades and for 1975-2004 for the 12th graders. The tables at the end of this report provide the statistics underlying the figures; in addition, they present data on lifetime, annual, 30-day, and (for selected drugs) daily prevalence. (Contains 13 tables.)
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, P.O. Box 2345, Rockville, MD 20847-2345. Tel: 800-729-6686 (Toll Free); e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 12; Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A