ERIC Number: ED489459
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 172
Early Childhood Interventions: Proven Results, Future Promise
Karoly, Lynn A.; Kilburn, M. Rebecca; Cannon, Jill S.
Parents, policymakers, business leaders, and the general public increasingly recognize the importance of the first few years in the life of a child for promoting healthy physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development. Whether the evidence comes from sophisticated research by brain scientists or the simple observation of the developmental milestones of an infant, toddler, or preschooler, it is clear that the years prior to kindergarten entry represent a foundational period for ensuring children's eventual success in school and beyond. An explosion of recent research contributes to our understanding of the complex and dynamic ways that both nature and nurture--genetics and the environment--operate together to shape the developing brain and the resulting emotional, social, regulatory, moral, and intellectual capacities that emerge (Shonkoff and Phillips, 2000). Nonetheless, many children face deficiencies between ages 0 and 5 in terms of emotional support, intellectual stimulation, or access to resources--because of low income or lack of health care among other factors--that can impede their ability to develop to their fullest potential. Early childhood intervention--ranging from home visiting programs in the first few years of life to high-quality center-based preschool education in the year or two before kindergarten entry--have been created to counteract these stressors and provide young children and their families with needed supports. Following a preface and a summary, this book is divided into the following chapters: (1) Introduction; (2) Strategies for Intervention; (3) What Works in Early Childhood Intervention Programs; (4) The Economics of Early Childhood Interventions; and (5) Conclusions. Appended are: (1) Descriptions of Early Childhood Intervention Programs Included in the Study; and (2) Methodology for the Analysis of Cognitive Outcomes in Chapter Three. (Contains 3 figures and 22 tables.) [The research described in the report was conducted for The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. by RAND Labor and Population, a division of the RAND Corporation. For related research brief, see ED489457.]
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Early Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Economic Impact, Program Descriptions, Evaluation Methods
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Publication Type: Books; Guides - General; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.