ERIC Number: ED489349
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-May
Reference Count: 0
Dual Enrollment. The Progress of Education Reform, 2005. Volume 6, Number 3
Weiss, Suzanne, Ed.
Education Commission of the States (NJ3)
Opportunities to earn college credit in high school, once limited to a few programs available only to a small percentage of students, have grown dramatically over the last decade. More and more states are adopting policies designed to create a wider array of opportunities--for a broader range of students--to get a head start on college. These opportunities range from "college-like" Advanced Placement courses that traditionally have been used to accelerate the progress of high-achieving 11th and 12th graders; to programs that allow students to take actual college courses, for credit, while still enrolled in high school; to innovative new options for a broader range of students--from tech-prep programs to distance learning to early and middle college high schools. Dual enrollment exists in some form or other, in nearly every state--18 states mandate that dual enrollment opportunities be provided to students. But eligibility and tuition requirements, funding streams and program features vary widely from state to state. Courses may or may not be designed specifically for high school students; they may be offered at the high school or at the college; they may be taught by regular college faculty or by specifically certified high school teachers. Some programs offer college credit immediately upon completion of the course, while others offer the credit only when the student enrolls in postsecondary education. This issue of "The Progress of Education Reform" summarizes the findings of three reports: (1) A review of existing research on the effectiveness of dual enrollment programs in increasing college access and success for a broad range of students; (2) An in-depth look at state dual enrollment policies, and how they affect the quality and availability of programs; and (3) An analysis of differing views within the higher education community on the role and value of college-level learning in high school--Advanced Placement courses and school- and college-based dual enrollment programs. The titles of the three reports summarized are: (1) "State Dual Enrollment Policies: Addressing Access and Quality" (Office of Vocational and Adult Education, U.S. Department of Education, September 2004); (2) "Promoting College Access and Success: A Review of Credit-Based Transition Programs" (Office of Vocational and Adult Education, U.S. Department of Education, November 2003); and (3) "College-Level Learning in High School: Purposes, Policies and Practical Implications" (D. Bruce Johnstone and Beth Del Genio, Association of American Colleges and Universities, 2001).
Descriptors: Dual Enrollment, High School Students, Educational Policy, State Regulation, Advanced Placement Programs, Tech Prep, Transitional Programs, College Preparation, College School Cooperation
Education Commission of the States, 700 Broadway, Suite 1200, Denver, CO 80203. Tel: 303-299-3600; Fax: 303-296-8332; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Grade 11; Grade 12; High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: General Electric Foundation, Ossining, NY.
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.