ERIC Number: ED489212
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004-May
Reference Count: N/A
Developing State Policy to Ensure a "Highly Qualified" Teacher in Every Classroom. Issue Brief
Koppich, Julia E.
National Governors Association
If recent efforts to raise student achievement are to succeed, all school children must have access to highly skilled teachers. Research increasingly demonstrates that teachers are critical influences on student learning. In addition to discussion of how to produce an adequate supply of teachers with the requisite skills, research reveals much about the qualities of effective teachers. Good teachers know their subjects deeply and understand how to teach them. They understand how standards, curriculum, and assessments interact and how to use these in their classrooms. They know how to diagnose student learning and adapt instructional approaches to meet student needs. And, they know how to adapt to ever-changing classroom situations. The reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) as No Child Left Behind added a number of important new components to the federal law and to requirements for teacher qualifications. Among these is the requirement that all teachers of core academic subjects (including elementary grades) be "highly qualified" by the 2005-2006 school year. The law lists as core subjects English, reading/language arts, mathematics, science, foreign language, civics and government, economics, the arts, history, and geography. This Issue Brief offers advice to governors as they seek to shape their states' policies to meet the letter and spirit of the federal law. The brief suggests five policy strategies designed to promote high quality teacher preparation programs and licensing standards: (1) Establish standards of good teaching; (2) Require a blend of subject matter and pedagogical preparation; (3) Require a period of induction under the supervision of a mentor teacher; (4) Develop a system of performance-based licensing; and (5) Promote incentives to recruit and retain teachers. (Contains 25 endnotes.)
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Policy, Teacher Qualifications, Teaching Methods, State Standards, Federal Legislation, Mentors, Teacher Recruitment, Academic Achievement, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
National Governors Association, Hall of States, 444 N. Capitol St., Washington, DC 20001-1512. Tel: 202-624-5300; Fax: 202-624-5313; Web site: http://www.nga.org.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: National Governors Association. Center for Best Practices.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001