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ERIC Number: ED489143
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec
Pages: 55
Abstractor: ERIC
Rural Teacher Recruitment and Retention Practices: A Review of the Research Literature, National Survey of Rural Superintendents, and Case Studies of Programs in Virginia
Hammer, Patricia Cahape; Hughes, Georgia; McClure, Carla; Reeves, Cynthia; Salgado, Dawn
Appalachia Educational Laboratory at Edvantia (NJ1)
In 2004, Edvantia, Inc. (formerly AEL) and the National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE) initiated an effort to identify successful strategies for recruiting and retaining highly qualified teachers in rural areas. They reviewed non-rural-specific and rural-specific research and practice literature, surveyed rural superintendents across the nation, and conducted case studies of three Virginia programs that support teacher recruitment and retention. Generally, the literature shows that the problem of teacher shortages varies across geography, demography, and subject area. The schools that find it hardest to recruit and retain highly qualified teachers are those in highly urban and rural areas (especially those serving minority or low-income students) and schools in the Southeast, Southwest, and the West. Especially needed are teachers in special education, bilingual education, math, and science. Edvantia/NASBE survey results and case studies amplify these findings and offer insights into challenges and promising practices in rural teacher recruitment and retention. Appended are: (1) Rural Survey Questionnaire; and (2) Rural Survey Letters. (Contains 9 tables and 12 figures.) [This document was produced by the Appalachia Educational Laboratory at Edvantia, formerly the Appalachian Educational Laboratory (AEL, Inc.).]
Appalachia Educational Laboratory at Edvantia, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325-1348. Tel: 800-624-9120 (Toll Free); Tel: 304-347-0400; Fax: 304-347-0487; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Appalachia Educational Lab., Charleston, WV.
Identifiers - Location: Virginia
IES Cited: ED565803