ERIC Number: ED489096
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Oct
Community College Student Success: What Institutional Characteristics Make a Difference? CCRC Working Paper No. 3
Bailey, Thomas; Calcagno, Juan Carlos; Jenkins, Davis; Kienzl, Gregory; Leinbach, Timothy
Community College Research Center, Columbia University
The goal of this study is to determine the institutional characteristics that affect the success of community college students as measured by the individual student probability of completing a certificate or degree or transferring to a baccalaureate institution. While there is extensive research on the institutional determinants of educational outcomes for K-12 education and a growing literature on this topic for baccalaureate institutions, few researchers have attempted to address the issue for community colleges. Using individual level data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88) and institutional level data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), we address two methodological challenges associated with research on community college students: unobserved institutional effects and attendance at multiple institutions. The most consistent results across specifications are the negative relationship between individual success and larger institutional size, and the proportion of part-time faculty and minority students.
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Institutional Characteristics, Student Characteristics, Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, College Students
Community College Research Center, Columbia University, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street, Box #174, New York, NY 10027. Tel: 212-678-3091; Fax: 212-678-3699; e-mail: email@example.com.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Two Year Colleges
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Lumina Foundation for Education, Indianapolis, IN.; Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Community Coll. Research Center.