ERIC Number: ED488958
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Actions Are Needed to Improve the Management and Oversight of the National Guard Youth Challenge Program. Defense Management. GAO-06-140
Government Accountability Office
After Operation Desert Storm and the end of the Cold War, Congress began to reevaluate the focus of U.S. military activities and proposed using some military assets and training to help address critical domestic challenges such as drugs, poverty, and unemployment. In particular, some policymakers saw an opportunity to use the military's capabilities to address domestic needs by providing role models for youth and training and educational opportunities for the disadvantaged. Section 1091 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 established the National Guard Youth Challenge Program (Challenge Program) as a pilot program to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of military based training to improve the life skills and employability of high school dropouts. After the program was permanently authorized in 1998, Congress began limiting the share of state operating costs covered by the federal government through the Department of Defense (DOD), which initially paid for 100 percent of these costs. DOD now pays 60 percent of state operating costs, and states provide 40 percent. In addition, the authorizing legislation for the Challenge Program allows the Secretary of Defense to use nondefense funding sources in support of the program. This document reports the findings of the Comptroller General's recent study of the Challenge Program, focusing specifically on: (1) the historical trends of the Challenge Program, including program expenditures, participation, and performance; (2) the extent to which Reserve Affairs and NGB have determined actual program costs and the consequent need to adjust the federal and state cost share; and (3) the extent to which NGB has provided oversight of the program. Also studied was the extent which Reserve Affairs and participating states have made an effort to obtain alternative funding support for the Challenge Program. Appended are: (1) Scope and Methodology; (2) National Guard Youth Challenge Program Sites; (3) Comments from the Department of Defense; and (4) GAO Contact and Staff Acknowledgment. (Contains 22 footnotes, 2 tables, and 6 figures.)
Descriptors: Military Training, Federal Aid, State Aid, Youth Programs, Dropouts, Program Effectiveness, Employment Potential, Educational Finance, Financial Support
U.S. Government Accountability Office, 441 G Street NW, Room LM, Washington, DC 20548. Tel: 202-512-6000; TDD: 202-512-2537; Fax: 202-512-6061.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.