ERIC Number: ED485850
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Mar
Reference Count: 26
Youth Gangs in Indian Country
Major, Aline K.; Egley, Arlen Jr.; Howell, James C.; Mendenhall, Barbara; Armstrong, Troy
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Since 1995, the National Youth Gang Center (NYGC) has surveyed law enforcement agencies across the nation about youth gang activity. Because tribal police departments were not included in earlier surveys, however, youth gang activities in Indian country have been largely absent from survey findings. This Bulletin describes the nature and makeup of youth gangs in Indian country. The findings presented are the result of a 2001 NYGC survey-- tailored specifically for Indian communities-- that asked federally recognized Indian communities to describe their experiences with youth gang activity. Researchers found that youth gangs in Indian country did not differ greatly from youth gangs in comparably sized communities. Indian country youth gangs, however, were noticeably different from youth gangs as depicted through national statistics. The study also included comparisons with findings from a previous study of youth gang activity in the Navajo Nation. Drawing on these research findings, the Bulletin proposes prevention, intervention, and suppression strategies. These proposals are derived from effective programs in non-Indian country settings. Although such programs may require modification to better serve tribal communities, they provide Indian country leaders with proven methods to address emerging youth gang issues. Contains 13 graphs of statistical informational comparisons collected for this study.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.