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ERIC Number: ED485583
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jul
Pages: 4
Abstractor: ERIC
When Governments Get Creative: Adult Literacy in Senegal. Education Notes.
Nordtvelt, Bjorn Harald
Human Development Network Education
The Education for All (EFA) goal of increasing adult literacy by 50 percent reflects two simple facts: first, primary school attendance has positive effects, including better family health and increased productivity; and second, when parents learn to read, more children go to school. So why haven't more countries and donors supported adult literacy programs as a routine part of their EFA planning? One reason is that government programs tend to be too expensive, with weak content and high drop-out rates. Despite these constraints, Senegal appears to have found a way to implement a successful adult literacy program. In 1993, Senegal established a new policy for literacy programs based on partnership between civil society and the state: (1) The state ensures policy leadership, overall coordination, monitoring and evaluation; (2) The providers (civil society organizations, such as non-profits, village associations, and language associations) implement local literacy activities; and (3) An independent contract-managing agency handles contracts and rapid transfer of funds to providers. Senegal?s main financial partners were the World Bank and the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA).
Human Development Network Education Sector. Available from: World Bank Group. 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433. Tel: 800-645-7247; Tel: 202-458-5454; Fax: 202-522-1500; e-mail:; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Basic Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.