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ERIC Number: ED485131
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Oct
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 5
Three Levels of Motivation in Instruction: Building Interpersonal Relations with Learners
Cao, Katy Xinquan
Association for Educational Communications and Technology, 27th, Chicago, IL, October 19-23, 2004
Based on the emotions and responsibilities, this paper proposes a model that identifies three levels of motivation (3LOM) in instruction. It states that motivation can be addressed at three different levels: inclusion, entertainment and edification. It looks at motivation from the angle of social interaction. The focus of the model is to describe the teacher's role as an active party in the process of teacher-student interaction. The assumption is that ideal instructional interaction in class, as with any other type of social interaction, should attend to, and give priority to, the students' needs and desires. Otherwise, it will turn into a bad experience that the participant does not want to repeat. These needs and desires are in a hierarchical order and labeled "inclusion, entertainment, and edification."
Association for Educational Communications and Technology. 1800 North Stonelake Drive Suite 2, Bloomington, IN 47408. Tel: 877-677-2328; Tel: 812-335-7675; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Washington, DC.