ERIC Number: ED484859
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Apr
Reference Count: 19
Replicating Factor Analyses Across Years: Aspiration Results for Rural Middle School Students
Cowley, Kimberly S.; Meehan, Merrill L.; Wilson, Robert A.; Wilson, Nancy M.
A cross validation study was conducted using data from white, rural seventh graders to investigate the stability of the construct validity of a model of eight conditions that are purported to support adolescent academic aspirations. A factor analytic study examined GEAR-UP survey data from 4,365 students across two consecutive years. In contrast to the model proposed by the University of Maine, the results of this study supported a four-factor model that persisted across years and gender. These factors are Self- Efficacy, Teacher-Centric, Leadership, and Like School. While the factors were consistent, the weightings did vary by gender and by year with girls rating the Teacher- Centric factor as most important and boys rating Self-Efficacy first across time periods.
Descriptors: Grade 7, Self Efficacy, Construct Validity, Middle School Students, Rural Youth, White Students, Factor Analysis
AEL, Post Office Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325-1348. Tel: 800-624-9120 (Toll Free); Fax: 304-347-0487; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.ael.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: AEL, Inc., Charleston, WV.