ERIC Number: ED484345
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jan
The Effects of Institutional Factors on the Success of Community College Students.
Bailey, Thomas; Calcagno, Juan Carlos; Jenkins, Davis; Kienzl, Greg; Leinbach, Timothy
Community College Research Center
The goal of this report is to measure the institutional characteristics that affect the success of community college students, particularly low-income and minority students. While there is a growing literature on this topic for baccalaureate institutions, few researchers have attempted to address the issue for community colleges. Since this line of research is so new, there remain open many methodological and conceptual issues. Much research has been done to identify individual student characteristics that impact their outcomes at community colleges. Characteristics such as academic preparedness, household income, parents? level of education, gender, race/ethnicity, and patterns of enrollment have all been found to impact individual student outcomes. Yet, individual factors cannot completely explain the graduation rates of different community colleges, or even the likelihood of an individual student completing at a particular college. Evidence shows that different community colleges enrolling essentially similar types of students may have vastly different graduation rates. What characteristics of these institutions might play a role in explaining student outcomes, when controlling for student characteristics? This report investigates that question using different models and sets of data. This report focuses on policies and programs that colleges themselves might be able to implement to improve student success. Even though community colleges are similar types of institutions on many levels, there is wide variation among colleges in various student outcome measures such as graduation, transfer, and retention. The central premise of this report and the broader research program, of which the report is one component, is that there are important lessons and insights that can be learned from this variation. Appended are: (1) Institutional Graduation Rates Regression Tables; (2) Individual Outcomes Models; and (3) Individual Outcomes Regression Tables. [Report produced byearch Center.]
Descriptors: Student Characteristics, Minority Groups, Institutional Characteristics, Low Income Groups, College Students, Graduation Rate, Community Colleges, Postsecondary Education, Outcomes of Education
Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 W. 120th St., Box 174, New York, NY 10027. Tel: 212-678-3091.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Lumina Foundation for Education, Indianapolis, IN.; Department of Education, Washington, DC.; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.