ERIC Number: ED483248
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Sep
Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Department of Education Could Improve Its Monitoring and Assistance. Report to the Secretary of Education. GAO-04-961
Ashby, Cornelia M.
US Government Accountability Office
Congress has expanded the number of low-income and minority-serving institutions eligible for grants under Titles III and V of the Higher Education Act and significantly increased funding for the grants. This study investigated: how institutions used their Title III and Title V grants, and benefits they received from using the grant funds; objectives and strategies the Department of Education (Education) had developed for Title III and V programs; and the extent of Education's monitoring and provision of assistance to Title III and V institutions. Researchers developed a data collection instrument and reviewed grant files for a stratified sample of 104 of the 206 Title III and Title V grant recipients, including the grant application, grant performance report, and related correspondence. They visited nine postsecondary institutions, talked to Education officials, reviewed program and planning documents, and interviewed postsecondary education officials. Overall, grantees most commonly reported using Title III and V funds to strengthen academics, and they noted a wide range of benefits. Most grantees reported initiatives that focused on improving student services (e.g., tutoring) and outcomes for students (e.g., course pass rates). The most commonly reported benefits related to improvements in academic quality and student services and outcomes. Many grantees reported challenges that required extra time at the end of the grant. Education has developed objectives and strategies to strengthen Title III and V institutions by improving financial sustainability, technological capacity, academic quality, student services and outcomes, and institutional management. Education has also developed plans and tools to enhance its monitoring of and assistance to Title III and V grantees, but it has made limited progress in implementing these initiatives. Four appendixes include study objectives, scope, and methodology; characteristics of Title III and Title V grantees by program; institutions visited; comments from Education; and GAO contacts and staff acknowledgements.
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Federal Aid, Financial Support, Postsecondary Education, Minority Groups, Colleges, Costs, Educational Finance, Governance
U.S. Government Accountability Office, 441 G Street NW, Room LM, Washington, DC 20548. Tel: 202-512-6000; TDD: 202-512-2537; Fax: 202-512-6061.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.