ERIC Number: ED483246
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Sep-23
No Child Left Behind Act: Additional Assistance and Research on Effective Strategies Would Help Small Rural Districts. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-04-909
Hickok, Eugene W.
US Government Accountability Office
Congress has raised concerns about difficulties rural school districts face implementing the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA). This report describes: key challenges rural states and districts face; strategies rural districts have developed; expenditures and resources related to rural districts? compliance; and guidance and assistance from the Department of Education (Education). Researchers conducted a nationally representative survey of rural and nonrural school districts and interviewed Education officials and officials in rural states and school districts. Data analysis indicates that rural districts faced challenges in meeting NCLBA provisions to a greater extent than nonrural districts. For example, rural district officials were more likely to report challenges presented by a large enrollment of economically disadvantaged students who may live in communities lacking resources, such as libraries. Rural districts reported that small school size and geographic isolation greatly affected their ability to implement NCLBA. Rural officials said that limited access to teacher training facilities and internet line maintenance difficulties impeded NCLBA implementation efforts. Rural school officials reported using such strategies as teacher training to the same extent as nonrural respondents to help meet student proficiency provisions and implement teacher qualification requirements of NCLBA. Rural districts were more likely to increase computer capacity than nonrural districts. However, small rural districts were less likely than other rural districts to use certain strategies, such as teacher mentoring. Rural state and district officials identified specific expenditures related to NCLBA, such as those relating to analyzing assessment results and providing tutoring services to students. However, district officials could not determine total expenditures made to implement NCLBA, in part because their accounting records were not maintained in a way that tracked expenditlocal funds, officials reported using multiple federal programs to implement NCLBA.
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Rural Schools, School Districts, Compliance (Legal), Program Implementation, Federal Aid, Economically Disadvantaged, Teacher Qualifications, Geographic Isolation
U.S. Government Accountability Office, 441 G Street NW, Room LM, Washington, DC 20548. Tel: 202-512-6000; Fax: 202-512-6061.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: US Government Accountability Office, Washington, DC.
IES Cited: ED551320; ED565621