ERIC Number: ED482900
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
New Evidence about "Brown v. Board of Education": The Complex Effects of School Racial Composition on Achievement.
Hanushek, Eric A.; Kain, John F.; Rivkin, Steven G.
Uncovering the effects of school racial composition on academic achievement is difficult, because racial mixing in the schools represents a complex mixture of government and family choices. While the goals of school integration legally inspired by Brown v. Board of Education are very broad, this paper focuses on the contribution of school racial composition to the racial and ethnic achievement. It uses a unique matched panel data set on individual Texas students and schools to identify the impacts of racial composition on academic achievement and to differentiate these from other aspects of school quality and from differences in student ability and family background that might drive any observed relationship between achievement and school demographic composition. Results show that having a higher percentage of black schoolmates has a strong adverse effect on black students' achievement, and the effects are highly concentrated in students who have shown high academic achievement in the early grades. Racial composition has a noticeably smaller effect on the achievement of lower ability Blacks, of Whites, and Hispanics, suggesting that the results are not a simple reflection of unmeasured school quality. The results are consistent with the view that black students exert peer pressure on others to under-perform and that a higher proportion of Blacks in a school may lead teachers to lower their expectations for all black students. (Contains 47 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.; Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Smith Richardson Foundation, Inc., Greensboro, NC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A060067