ERIC Number: ED482850
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Jul
The Impact of Welfare Sanctions on the Health of Infants and Toddlers. A Report from the Children's Sentinel Nutrition Assessment Program.
Skalicky, Anne; Cook, John T.
This report summarizes the association of welfare sanctions--benefits terminated or reduced for failure to comply with behavioral requirements--with the health and food security of children younger than 3 years of age in 6 large U.S. cities (Baltimore, Boston, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Minneapolis, and Washington, D.C.). Information for the report includes data collected through the Children's Sentinel Nutrition Assessment Program (C-SNAP). The C-SNAP involved a sentinel sample of caregivers of infants and toddlers presenting at pediatric emergency rooms and primary care services for non-life- threatening conditions. Eligible caregivers were interviewed regarding the child's and parent's health, household demographics, use of public assistance programs, and food security. The main findings are summarized as follows: (1) welfare sanctions and benefits decrease are associated with significantly increased rates of hospitalizations for young children, and these effects were not altered by receipt of food stamp or WIC benefits; (2) welfare sanctions are associated with significantly increased rates of food insecurity in households of young children; (3) in Boston and Minneapolis, infants and toddlers in 2001 had approximately a 40 percent higher risk of food insecurity compared to 1999, a 30 percent higher risk of being underweight, and a 50 percent higher risk of being hospitalized during an emergency room visit. The report's three appendices provide additional detail on the study's methodology, the food security questions, and a description of welfare sanction policies. (Contains 27 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Child Health, Health Needs, Hospitalized Children, Hunger, Infants, Nutrition, Public Policy, Toddlers, Trend Analysis, Urban Areas, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform
Children's Sentinel Nutrition Assessment Program, 820 Harrison Avenue, FGH-3, Boston, MA 02118. Tel: 617-638-5251; Fax: 617-414-7047. For full text: http://dcc2.bumc.bu.edu/csnappublic/C-SNAP Report.pdf
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Produced by the Children's Sentinel Nutrition Assessment Program.