ERIC Number: ED482582
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003
Training the University English Learners To Predict in Listening Class.
This paper asserts that while predicting in listening is a very important listening skill and listening habit, English language learners are often reluctant to use prediction. It recommends that teachers should work to cultivate students' predicting ability so that the students can form a natural and effective listening habit and can predict based on the topic, topic sentence, key words, sentence development, grammatical relations, and logical development. The paper focuses on the following: how people listen in their native language; how English learners listen in English; the cognitive process of predicting; predicting as a pre-listening activity; helping students to predict (prediction in the before-listening stage and prediction while listening); and sentence-by-sentence prediction (e.g., sentence-by-sentence is the natural predicting process in listening, the stock formula of the language helps listeners to predict, and the stress on a particular word in the first part of an utterance is often explained or clarified by a comment in the second). The paper concludes that teachers must remind their students that prediction and guessing is a good thing in foreign language listening and must encourage them to do so. (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A