ERIC Number: ED482470
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003
Reference Count: N/A
Maintaining a Strong Engineering Workforce. ACT Policy Report.
Noeth, Richard J.; Cruce, Ty; Harmston, Matt T.
This report describes the background and academic preparation of high school graduates who planned to major in engineering upon college entry, presenting the information by gender and race/ethnicity. Data come from 12 years of research on 750,000 students from the graduating high school classes of 1991-2002 who registered for the ACT Assessment and planned to major in an engineering field upon college entrance. Over 12 years, the number of students planning to major in engineering decreased. The percentages of potential engineering majors in college preparatory programs and in the top quarter of their high school graduating class also decreased. However, a greater percentage of potential engineering majors completed core course requirements, and their overall high school GPA increased. Potential engineering majors were somewhat better prepared in mathematics and science than in the past. Gender representation remained relatively unchanged, with females comprising only 18-20 percent of all potential engineering majors. The percentage of potential engineering majors among various minority groups improved over the 12 years, although this improvement was largely due to decreases in the numbers of Caucasians planning to major in engineering. Policy and program recommendations are included. (Contains 27 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: College Bound Students, Engineering Education, Females, Higher Education, Majors (Students), Minority Groups, Racial Differences, Sex Differences, Womens Education
For full text: http://www.act.org/research/policy/pdf/engineer.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: ACT, Inc., Iowa City, IA.