ERIC Number: ED482448
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Apr-7
Reference Count: N/A
Who Bears the Growing Cost of Science at Universities?
Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; Rizzo, Michael J.; Jakubson, George H.
This paper sketches the reasons for the tremendous increase in university expenditure on research out of internal funds including changes in federal indirect cost reimbursement policies and the growing cost of start-up funds for new faculty. It presents evidence, based on a survey of department chairs, deans, and vice presidents for research at over 200 public and private universities on the magnitude of start-up packages received by researchers in science and engineering disciplines. It then uses panel data for 21 years and over 200 universities to estimate the impact of growing internal expenditures on research on student/faculty ratios, the substitution of lecturers for tenure track faculty, on average faculty salaries and on tuition levels at public and private universities. Among the most important findings is that universities whose research expenditures per faculty member out of internal funds has been growing the most rapidly in absolute terms, "ceteris paribus," have the greatest increase in student/faculty ratios. So while undergraduate students may benefit from being in close proximity to great researchers, they also bear part of the costs in the form of larger class sizes and fewer full-time faculty members. (Contains 15 references.) (Author/SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: N/A