ERIC Number: ED482323
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Resource Allocation in Rural and Small Schools. ERIC Digest.
Educators are under increasing pressure from policymakers and the public to demonstrate that educational resources are used in appropriate ways. This demand, coupled with an environment of increased standards and shrinking budgets, is a major challenge to rural, small, and low-income schools. This digest reviews contemporary research on resource allocation issues in rural and small schools. Structural constraints that can complicate the resource allocation process for rural and small schools include fragmented school schedules; federal and state guidelines for curriculum offerings, teacher certification, and special services; inflexible job definitions for teachers; and specialized programs that may be peripheral to the academic mission. Meta-analyses and literature reviews have shown a high level of inconsistency across studies of the cost-effectiveness of various educational investments such as class-size reduction and teacher salaries. Policymakers and school leaders may find guidance and support for meeting the challenges of resource allocation through creative reallocation of existing resources, consideration of successful whole-school reform models, and pursuit of nontraditional revenues and new funding streams targeted explicitly for rural, small, and low-income schools. (SV)
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Disadvantaged Schools, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Change, Educational Finance, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Resource Allocation, Rural Schools, Small Schools
Archives at http://www.ael.org/.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Charleston, WV.