ERIC Number: ED482155
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003-Nov
Increasing the College Preparedness of At-Risk Students.
Cabrera, Alberto F.; Prabhu, Radhika; Deil-Amen, Regina; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Lee, Chul; Franklin, Robert E., Jr.
This study, first in a planned series, sought to examine the aggregate, or overall, impact of comprehensive intervention programs (CIPs) on students' preparedness for college, as reflected in their reading and mathematics abilities. All of the schools in the study were involved in GEAR UP, but it is important to be clear that GEAR UP is something of a prototype. The study focuses not on GEAR UP but on the outcomes associated with the kinds of activities and services it embodies. The analytical focal group was cohorts of seventh graders at 180 California public schools in fall 1999, followed from sixth grade. Of these schools, 47 were CIP schools and 133 were similar "peer" schools. The two dependent variables were the mean scaled scores in the Stanford-9 tests in reading and mathematics. A series of t-tests revealed no significant differences between CIP and peer schools in the benchmark year on a variety of measures of readiness and school characteristics with one exception: CIP school showed lower mean scaled scores in mathematics than peer schools. Any of several reasons might explain the lack of an effect of CIP on reading as well as by the lower than anticipated performance in both reading and mathematics displayed by CIP sixth graders. Results do suggest that in reading, CIP activities and services appear to have had some effect, but gains were modest and not statistically significant. (Contains 2 figures, 6 tables, and 28 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (Portland, OR, November 13-16, 2003).