ERIC Number: ED482138
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Economic Segregation of Higher Education Opportunity, 1973 to 2001.
Postsecondary Education Opportunity, n136 Oct 2003
The first report in this issue, "Economic Segregation of Higher Education Opportunity 1973 to 2001," describes the way higher education enrollments in U.S. colleges and universities are rapidly being sorted by family income and social class. Students born into different economic class backgrounds are increasingly concentrated in distinct segments of the higher education system, with students from low and lower middle income families concentrated in 2-year colleges, especially public 2-year colleges, and students from upper middle and higher income families concentrated in 4-year colleges. This analysis focuses on these changing enrollment patterns by looking at recipients of federal Pell Grants. The second report, "Admissions Selectivity of 4-Year Colleges and Universities 1986 to 2003," discusses a shift in from expanding higher education opportunity to redistributing it that is occurring in 4-year colleges and universities. Both public and private 4-year colleges and universities have grown more selective between 1986 and 2003, but they have done so in a growing market with increasing numbers of high school graduates to choose among. In the long run, the growing divergence between changing demographics and growing labor market needs for better trained workers will have consequences. Some are already evident: the rapid growth of proprietary education and the erosion of world leadership in college participation rates. More will appear in the future. (Contains 18 graphs.) (SLD)
Descriptors: College Admission, College Segregation, Economic Factors, Enrollment, Enrollment Trends, Higher Education, Low Income Groups, Selective Admission, Social Class
Postsecondary Education Opportunity, P.O. Box 415, Oskaloosa, IA 52577-0415. Tel: 641-673-3401; Fax: 641-673-3411; Web site: http://www.postsecodnary.org.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Published monthly. Theme issue.