ERIC Number: ED482020
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
School Breakfast Scorecard, 2003: Thirteenth Annual Status Report on the School Breakfast Program.
Woo, Nicole; Parker, Lynn; Weill, Jim; Vuong, Bi; Hess, Doug; Weinstein-Tull, Justin; Putney, Wanda
The School Breakfast Program provides breakfast to millions of children from low-income families who otherwise might go hungry in the morning and be less ready to learn. This report is the thirteenth from the Food Research and Action Center (FRAC) to examine the program, its benefits, and the performance of the nation and of each state in reaching children with school breakfasts during the 2002-2003 school year. Data were obtained from state reports to the U.S. Department of Agriculture and from an annual FRAC survey of state nutrition officials. In a slightly different methodology from previous scorecards, the student participation estimates are based on nine-month averages of state data from the months of September through May. Findings indicate that approximately 8.2 million children participated in the School Breakfast Program nationwide during the 2002-2003 school year. Only 42.3 students received free or reduced price breakfast for every 100 students receiving free or reduced price lunch. Nationally, 78.3 percent of schools that offered free/reduced price lunch participated in school breakfast, up from 77.6 percent the prior year. Participation in the School Breakfast program varies significantly from state to state. FRAC estimates that state school breakfast programs failed to reach 2 million eligible children. At least 40 states have schools, and often large school districts, with universal breakfast programs, which provide breakfast at no charge to all children. Finally, direct certification, whereby households participating in other assistance programs can be certified for free school meals without filling out school meal applications has greatly simplified the process for both schools and families. The report also examines obstacles to participation in the School Breakfast Program and suggests solutions, and highlights opportunities/strategies during congressional reauthorization of child nutrition programs to increase participation. Several data tables, including a list of state legislation promoting school breakfast are included. (Contains a 14-item bibliography.) (HTH)
Descriptors: Breakfast Programs, Enrollment, Federal Programs, Models, Nutrition, Participation, Program Descriptions, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, School Health Services, State Legislation
FRAC Publications, Attn. Wanda Putney, 1875 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 540, Washington, DC 20009 ($5). Tel: 202-986-2200, Web site: http://www.frac.org. For full text: http://www.frac.org/pdf/2003Breakfast.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Greenwich, CT.
Authoring Institution: Food Research and Action Center, Washington, DC.