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ERIC Number: ED481695
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2003
Pages: 99
Abstractor: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-1-86003-077-7
Using Observations in Small-Scale Research: A Beginner's Guide. Revised Edition. Using Research.
Simpson, Mary; Tuson, Jennifer
This book offers an introduction for teachers, students, and other educational practitioners to the techniques that transform informal observation into a recognized research tool. It is intended for those with little or no experience with formal observation. Four chapters focus on: (1) "Observation as a Data-Gathering Technique" (how observation is different from just looking, the kinds of studies in which observations are most useful, reasons to use observation for data gathering, and how to choose the best strategy for the study); (2) "Selecting What to Observe and How to Record Your Data" (who or what to look at, sample size, systematic recording, descriptive and narrative recording, and technological recording); (3) "Managing the Activity of Observing" (where one stands in regard to the physical setting, ethical issues, roles and relationships and claims one makes); and (4) "Processing Your Data" (planning one's analysis, analyzing systematic records, and analyzing descriptive and narrative records). (Contains 32 references.) (SM)
University of Glasgow, SCRE Centre, 16 Dublin Street, Edinburgh, EH3 6NL Scotland (SCRE Publication no. 130). Tel: 0131-557-2944; Fax: 0131-556-9454; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners; Students
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Prepared by the SCRE Centre of Glasgow University (Scotland). Formerly part of the Practitioner MiniPaper series.